Setting up a marine fish tank for the first time is not as simple as just filling an aquarium with salt water. There are several accessories that must also be considered for the marine tank setup to be successful. Also, if you have the necessary marine aquarium supplies the maintenance and care of the marine aquarium will be easier and you will more thoroughly enjoy your tank! Minimum requirements for a successful marine fish tank include a powerhead, heater, protein skimmer, hydrometer, thermometer, lighting, and an appropriate filter.
A marine fish tank cannot thrive without a proper filter. A good starter filter will include a protein skimmer and some sort of canister filter. The protein skimmer removes biological wastes before they reach the filter and significantly decrease the workload of the canister filter. More advanced filtration can be achieved by a wet/dry trickle filter. While the filtration system will certainly provide water circulation, a good quality water pump or “powerhead” will provide the much needed flow that is required by so many marine fish and corals.
Heaters and a water thermometer are also required since most marine fish and corals are sensitive to changes in temperature. Quality aquarium heating will maintain the water temperature within the range tolerated by the specific marine fish tank inhabitants. Plan on needing anywhere from 2 to 5 Watts per gallon of water, and remember that it is better and safer to have several smaller heaters than one 300W heater.
A hydrometer is an accessory that measures and monitors the specific gravity of the aquarium water. In a marine fish tank, the specific gravity is related to the water’s salinity. Hydrometers come in two basic types – the floater and the swing needle. Swing needle hydrometers are easiest to read and quick to start using in your aquarium.
Rocks and corals are miscellaneous accessories that can be added to enhance the beauty of the marine fish tank environment. They can be arranged in anyway depending on their sizes and shapes. Not only do they provide beauty but they also serve as shelter for the fishes.
If you have the necessary marine fish tank supplies before you start setting up your aquarium, you will be rewarded with an easy installation. Your maintenance will definitely run more smoothly over the years you have the aquarium.
If you have ever kept discus fish, you likely have felt the desire to try your hand at breeding this unique species of tropical fish. The process really isn’t too difficult, and many people have had great success becoming discus fish breeders. Breeding discus fish does not require any special supplies. This article will explain the fish tank supplies needed to properly breed discus fish. For more information on how to successfully breed discus fish, this is a great resource.
Discus fish breeders have found that the only supplies that are really necessary are the following:
- 30 gallon tank, preferably a ‘high’ style
- sponge filter
- aquarium heater – 150 watts
- slate – flat piece
- distilled water
- brine shrimp eggs
- quality flake food
This is a pretty small list of supplies considering how many baby discus fish you might soon find yourself breeding. The 30 gallon high tank is needed to house the mature discus pair, and to give them enough room to feel at ease. A 150 watt heater is needed to heat 30 gallons of water to the mid-80’s Fahrenheit. This is crucial to being able to stimulate spawning of your discus fish.
The flat piece of slate is the chosen site for spawning by many discus fish breeders. Keeping it at a 45 degree angle in the tank will allow the pair easy access to its surface. Distilled water is actually one of the best sources of water for your fish. Buy it in big jugs – you will need to use it as 50% of the total water in your aquarium.
Brine shrimp eggs are used as the first food for your baby discus after they have absorbed their yolk sacs. The sponge filter is used to help keep the water clean, and to provide minimal water current. Finally, the quality flake food will become the staple diet of your fish after they are one to two months old.
There you have it – a quick breakdown of the fish tank supplies you need to provide proper discus care and to become a successful discus fish breeder! If you need any of these supplies, I always recommend Drs Foster & Smith – check out their sales section.
Most of the fish commonly kept in freshwater aquariums evolved in tropical habitats over thousands of years. These fish are adapted to waters that remain in the high 70s to low 80s all year round. Even though these fish are kept in aquariums outside of their natural habitats, they fare best if kept in conditions that mimic their wild areas as closely as possible. In terms of aquarium temperature, this means keeping the water at a stable temperature. For most tropical fish, a fish tank heater can be used to safely keep the water at 80F. Read the rest of this entry »